Leonardo wrote in one of his journal: there are three branches of perspective; the first deals with the reasons of the apparent diminution (shrinking) of objects as they recede from the eye. The second contains the way in which colours vary as they recede from the eye. The third and last is concerned with the explanation of how the objects in a picture ought to be less finished in proportion as they are remote and the names are as follows: Linear Perspective. The Perspective of Colour. The Perspective of Disappearance.
Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, c. 1487
Ink and wash on paper, 34.4 x 25.5 cm
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice
Pedro Berruguete, Federico da Montefeltro and his Son, 1480-81
Oil on panel, 134 x 77 cm
Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, Urbino.
Caravaggio, Judith and Holophernes, 1599
Oil on canvas, 145 x 195 cm
National Gallery of Ancient Art, Palazzo Barberini, Rome
Jacque-Louis David, The Oath of Horatii, 1784
Oil on canvas, 326 x 420 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris